Mars is one of the outer planets. The mean distance between Sun and Mars is 141 Million miles. Both Earth and Mars go round and round the Sun in the different velocities. Mars will always be outside the circle traced by the Earth. It shines in the night so very brilliantly one will not miss to notice it. Mars is inconspicuous both in the early morning and in the evening immediately after sunset when it will be nearer to the Sun.

Mars is dry, fiery planet, masculine by nature. Color of Mars is Red.  Mars rules Aries and Scorpio, gets exalted in Capricorn, debilitated in Cancer and determined in Taurus and Libra.  Mars is significant of energy, both constructive and destructive, depending upon its position, aspects and location in the horoscope. Mars has much to do with one`s ambition and desires. Mars symbolizes the senses and rules over the animal instinct in man. Generally, Mars is said to be a malefic planet. If it is not afflicted and if it receives favorable aspects, it offers the following good qualities as self confidence, endurance, impulse for all ventures and heroic deeds, strength, courage, combativeness, faculty to argue etc.

Mars bestows one with quick mental activity and extraordinary muscular strength great organizing ability, power for practical execution , independent spirit, force of character, strong determination, ambition to come out successful in the material field in spite of any opposition and above all, leadership in all pursuits. Mars gives the chance to accomplish almost everything which one desires, in resourceful and ingenious manner.

If Mars is weak and afflicted in a horoscope, the native will be rash, will lose temper quickly and will be fool-hardy, one will be quarrel some. He may fond of drink. Whenever there is any difference of opinion, he relies more in the application of brute force than to argue intelligently and try to convince logically. He is always ready for violence. He will not hesitate to take the aggressive parts. Mostly, the worst type of sexualities is governed by Mars.

Mars is the chief governor for brother and landed property. Mars governs the external sex organs, muscular system, left ear, face and head, sense of taste. It  governs mainly the  blood and the bone marrow in human body. It is concerned

Mars plays very important role in marriage of a male and female horoscope. In vedic Astrology Manglik Dosha is very famous. Therefore, the horoscope of both male and female are matched before finalizing the proposal of marriage. This dosha may cause hurdles, breaks, disputes and even divorce in the martial life of the person. Placement of Mars in 1st, 4th, 7th ,8th and 12th house of a horoscope causes Manglik Dosha.

Fire is the element of Mars, it is recognized as Defense Minister in the Solar System. Mars has control on production of weapons, fire-arms, crackers and explosives. Its element is copper, Mars rules over Tuesday. The two months governed by Mars are termed as Grisham Rithu- June and July.

Coral and all red stones are governed by Mars. The following table indicates further about Mars Characteristics:-

Day                                                                 Tuesday

Direction                                                       South

Color                                                              Red

Orbit time in one Zodiac sign                  45 days (Average)

Orbit time of whole Zodiac                     one and half year (Average)

Nature                                                           Furious and agrressive

Constellations ruled                                   Mrigshira, Chitra, Dhanishta

Friendly Planets                                          Jupiter, Sun and Moom

Enemy Planets                                            Saturn, Rahu & Ketu

Neutral Planets                                           Mercury and Venus

Own Sign                                                      Aries, Scorpio

Mool Trikon in                                            Aries

Exalted in                                                      Capricorn

Debilitated in                                               Cancer

Metal                                                             Copper

Precious Stone                                            Red Coral

Vimshottari Mahadasha Period             7  Years